Becoming Australian citizen

To become Australian citizen, you need to meet the residence requirements, be of good character and intend to live or maintain a close and continuing association with Australia.

Currently, there are 10 steps in the application process become Australian citizen.

Gather your original documents. You must provide original documents. You will need to provide a range of documents to prove your identity, establish links between all names you have used, and establish you have not had any serious criminal convictions.

→Attend a citizenship ceremony. When you receive notification that your application has been approved, you will usually need to attend a citizenship ceremony and make the Australian Citizenship Pledge. This completes the process of becoming an Australian citizen. Usually your ceremony will be held within six months from the time your application is approved, but waiting times between local councils can vary.

Determine that you are eligible to apply. In general, to apply for citizenship you will need to be a migrant who is a permanent resident, satisfy the residence requirement, be likely to reside, or to continue to reside, in Australia or to maintain a close and continuing association with Australia and be of good character if you are 18 years of age or over.
Ensure you meet the residence requirement. The residence requirement is based on the time you have lived in Australia and the time you have spent outside Australia. You must have been living in Australia on a valid Australian visa for four years immediately before applying which must include the last 12 months as a permanent resident, and not have been absent from Australia for more than one year in total, in the 4 year period, including no more than 90 days in the year before applying.
Prepare for your citizenship test or interview. Ensure you understand what Australian citizenship involves. The test resource, Australian Citizenship - Our Common Bond, has all the information you need to prepare for the citizenship test. It also contains useful information for people having a citizenship interview. You can also do the practice test here.
Complete your application form. There is a checklist to help you understand how to complete your application form. Ensure you complete all the questions in the application. You may also be able to apply online.
Lodge your application form. Apply online or post your paper application to your nearest departmental office. Whether you apply online or on a paper application, you must attach certified copies of your identity and other documents. Do not post original documents with your application. You will then need to bring your original documents with you to your citizenship appointment. You must also bring a completed Identity declaration and correctly endorsed photographs for yourself and any children included in your application.
Attend your citizenship appointment. After the department receives your application, you will be invited to a citizenship appointment. We will send you a letter with your appointment details and further information. At your appointment, an authorised officer will check your original documents and verify your identity. You will also take a citizenship test or have an interview, whichever applies. You must bring your original documents to your appointment. Your application may be refused if you do not attend your appointment.
Take the citizenship test or have a citizenship interview. You are usually required to take a citizenship test if you are aged 18 years and over and under 60 years of age. The citizenship test is designed to encourage you to find out more about life in Australia and what it means to be an Australian citizen. It will test your understanding of the responsibilities of citizenship as well as the rights that you will enjoy once you become a citizen.
Receive notification of the department's decision. A decision on your application for citizenship can only be made after you have lodged a completed application together with the required original documents and fee.
Attend a citizenship ceremony. When you receive notification that your application has been approved, you will usually need to attend a citizenship ceremony and make the Australian Citizenship Pledge. This completes the process of becoming an Australian citizen. Usually your ceremony will be held within six months from the time your application is approved, but waiting times between local councils can vary.